Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes is the leading cause of non-accident related foot amputations. Having diabetes can lead to nerve damage and circulatory issues often referred to as peripheral arterial disease (PAD). It is estimated that one in four persons having diabetes will develop some type of foot problem requiring care. Early recognition and management of the risk factors can prevent or delay adverse outcomes. It is highly recommended, that for individuals who have diabetes, they have their feet examined at least once a year by a physician.


When someone with diabetes completes an annual examination and a potential foot problem is identified, specialized care by a podiatrist, orthopedic or vascular surgeon is often required. Additionally, part of that healthcare team may involve Pedorthists. These are individuals specifically trained in the design, manufacturing, and fitting of footwear (shoes and foot orthotics) for individuals with diabetes.

At Green Prosthetics & Orthotics we have Board Certified Pedorthists that have a comprehensive understanding of the foot issues associated with diabetes. Unlike shoes and/or inserts used to support a flat foot or provide shock absorption, diabetic shoes and inserts are designed to protect diabetic skin from excessive pressures. Excessive pressures are frequently the cause of wounds and sores that can lead to infections and worst case amputation.

Diabetics with decreased foot sensations, calluses, prominent bones, deformities, or a history of wounds or ulcers should be wearing diabetic inserts and where indicated custom shoes.


  • As a diabetic you should be examining your feet on a daily basis. Making sure there are no lacerations or red areas.
  • Avoid going barefoot.
  • Ensure that the shoes and socks you wear fit properly and are comfortable.
  • Wash your feet with mild soap and water everyday. Dry carefully. Avoid soaking your feet.
  • Lotion your feet but avoid putting lotion between your toes.
  • Avoid cutting your toe nails – file them or have them trimmed by a podiatrist
  • If you get a scratch or cut, make sure you take care of it as soon as possible. Wash the area with mild soap, apply an ointment, and cover with a bandage. Regularly check the affected area, change the bandage, and if the area is not healing or there is draining, see your healthcare professional right away.
  • If you experience poor circulation, or develop calluses, bunions, or corns schedule an appointment with your healthcare professional.